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     54    

54 Xe Xenon

Noble gas, mass: 131.29 u, 9 stable isotopes (124, 126, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 134, 136), abundance rank (earth/space): 83/40

Click image to magnify. Vial of glowing ultrapure xenon. Original size in cm: 1 x 5. How to make gases glow.
Xenon Also xenon
Xenon is the most heavy and reactive noble gas (except for the radioactive radon) and is the rarest non-radioactive element on earth. Therefore it is very expensive. It is primarly used in lamps, like in automobile headlights. Several xenon compounds are known, some of them are even quite stable. The compound first to be discovered was xenon tetrafluoride, XeF4, in 1962.

Vial of glowing xenon gas Xenon-tetrafluoride
Right: The first xenon tetrafluoride crystals. Photo: public domain.


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