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   23    

23 V Vanadium

Transition metal, mass: 50.942 u, 1 stable isotope (51), abundance rank (earth/space): 16/27

Click image to magnify. 2.3 grams pure vanadium pieces with a colored oxide layer. Size of the largest piece in cm: 0.7 x 0.7
Vanadium with oxide layer Vanadium
Vanadium is a soft, malleable metal, which, when exposed to air, forms a hard, protective oxide layer. It is mainly used in steel alloys. A common product, which many people have at home, is a chrome vanadium steel screwdriver. In nature, vanadium appears in different, often colorful minerals, but only rarely in high concentration.

Three vanadium crystals A heap of vanadium crystals
Vanadium crystals made by electrolysis, altogether 1 gram. The largest is 2 cm long.

Chrome vanadium screwdriver Vanadinite
Left: Chrome vanadium screwdriver.
Right: Natural vanadinite, Pb5(VO4)3Cl, a lead mineral, 5 grams, 2 x 4 cm. Vanadinite is a main source of vanadium. Vanadium gives the mineral its deep red color.


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