Particle Zoo

The Standard Model

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The Gluon

Symbol: g
Group: boson, gauge bosons
Rest mass: 0
Charge: 0
Mean lifetime: stable
Spin: 1
The gluon is the carrier of the strong interaction, which keeps together the quarks in the hadrons and the hadrons via pions. It is the strongest of the four fundamental interactions, 100 times stronger than electromagnetism, but it only affects a small space of about 10-15 meters. Like the quarks, gluons possess a color charge, but different to those, here it is a mix of color and anticolor. The effect is the same as with quarks, gluons can't appear as singles. There are eight different kinds of gluons, which only differ by their color charge.



Atom Dark Energy Baryons Mesons Proton Neutron Other Baryons Pion Kaon D-Meson Other Mesons Hadrons Up-Quark Down-Quark Strange-Quark Charm-Quark Bottom-Quark Top-Quark Quarks Leptons Electron Muon Tauon Fermions Neutrinos Electron-Neutrino Muon-Neutrino Tauon-Neutrino Antimatter Dark Matter Gauge Bosons Photon Gluon W-Boson Z-Boson Graviton Higgs-Boson Bosons