Particle Zoo


The Standard Model

 
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Particle Zoo


An overview of the so far detected and probable subatomar and elementary particles in the standard model.

The notations in the map above are clickable.

The matter around us consists of atoms of different elements. Those atoms themselves are made of subatomar particles. Of these, there also are many others that are not found in atoms. The particles that can't be divided further, as far as we know, are called elementary. Making statements about subatomar particles is difficult, because they can't be seen, they are subject to quantum-mechanical laws and are wave and particle at the same time. Some have only very short lifetimes, others hardly interact measurably with their environment. The map above is based on the standard model of elementary particle physics and contains those particles, whose existance is for sure or very probable. Particles whose existence is unlikely (like e.g. tachyons) are disregarded.

For masses, u, the atomic mass unit, is used. 1 u = 931.46 MeV/c² = 1.660538782 *10-24 grams


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Atom Dark Energy Baryons Mesons Proton Neutron Other Baryons Pion Kaon D-Meson Other Mesons Hadrons Up-Quark Down-Quark Strange-Quark Charm-Quark Bottom-Quark Top-Quark Quarks Leptons Electron Muon Tauon Fermions Neutrinos Electron-Neutrino Muon-Neutrino Tauon-Neutrino Antimatter Dark Matter Gauge Bosons Photon Gluon W-Boson Z-Boson Graviton Higgs-Boson Bosons